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Chemical Thermodynamics Free Ebook

Posted by Mr. Hachis | On: Apr 26 2012

Chemical ThermodynamicsContents
1 Introduction
1.1 Basic concepts
1.1.1 State function versus path function
1.1.2 Intensive property versus extensive property
1.2 Brief review of thermodynamics
1.2.1 The fi rst law of thermodynamics
1.2.2 The second law of thermodynamics
1.3 The fundamental equation of thermodynamics
1.4 The calculus of thermodynamics
1.5 Open systems
1.6 Legendre transforms and free energies
2 Single component systems
2.1 General phase behavior
2.2 Conditions for phase equilibrium
2.3 The Clapeyron equation
3 Multicomponent systems
3.1 Thermodynamics of multicomponent systems
3.1.1 The fundamental equation of thermodynamics
3.1.2 Phase equilibria
3.1.3 Gibbs phase rule
3.2 Binary mixtures
3.2.1 Vapor-liquid equilibrium
3.2.2 Liquid-liquid equilibria
3.2.3 Vapor-liquid-liquid equilibria
3.3 Ternary mixtures
4 The ideal solution model
4.1 Defi nition of the ideal solution model
4.2 Derivation of Raoult’s law
5 Partial molar properties
5.1 Defi nition
5.2 Relationship between total properties and partial molar properties
5.3 Properties changes on mixing
5.4 Graphical representation for binary systems
6 Nonideal solutions
6.1 Deviations from Raoult’s law and the activity coeffi cient
6.2 Modifi ed Raoult’s law
6.3 Empirical activity coeffi cient models
6.4 The Gibbs-Duhem equation
6.5 Azeotropic systems
7 Stability
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Liquid-liquid equilibrium
8 Solid-liquid equilibrium
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Phase behavior
8.3 Conditions for equilibrium
9 Gas solubility and Henry’s law
9.1 Henry’s law
9.2 Activity coefficients
10 Equations of state
10.1 The principle of corresponding states
10.2 The van der Waals equation and cubic equations of state
10.3 Equations of state for mixtures
11 Thermodynamics from equations of state
11.1 The residual Helmholtz free energy
11.2 Fugacity
11.3 Vapor-liquid equilibrium with a non-ideal vapor phase
12 Chemical reaction equilibria
12.1 Conditions for equilibrium
12.2 The phase rule for chemically reacting systems
12.3 Gas phase reactions
12.4 The standard Gibbs free energy of formation
12.5 The infl uence of temperature
12.6 Liquid phase reactions

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